Everything that took place since creation and sin in the Garden of Eden was born of the flesh and subject to death. As Adam and Eve exited the Garden of Eden – Genesis 3: 23, Jesus entered the Most Holy Place once and for all, having obtained eternal redemption – Hebrews 9: 12. In the Old Testament the worship, covenant, law and sacrifices were all outward manifestations towards God. We can draw comparisons from the Old Testament of the flesh and the new spiritual man through Jesus.
As the Jews were led out of Egypt and wandered through the desert, they heard and saw God speak to them on the mountain. God gave them the commandments and the laws and provided them with food, water and kept them safe. Even after delivering them from slavery, hearing His voice and seeing His form in the cloud and the fire, they still made a carved image to worship whilst Moses was communing with God. Because of their unbelief and disobedience, many died in the desert and only some of them were chosen to make it to the Promised Land. Our spiritual exodus is synonymous with Christ taking us from darkness into the light. God ’lived’ and moved in a tent with the Israelites in the desert. When David became king, he thought about how the Lord blessed him and decided that he would build a temple for God to live in. Because of his love for the Lord and the intention of his heart, God promised that He would bless David and his descendants forever. The building of the temple for God to live in was synonymous with the spiritual temple we would become for the Holy Spirit. As the Israelites called and prayed to God to save them from slavery in Egypt, so should we call on Jesus to come and take us ‘home’. We need to live holy so that we can draw Him to us and so hasten His coming.
On earth we are the temple of God’s presence. At Jesus’ second coming, the old heaven and earth will be no more – Revelation 21: 2. God will make all things new – Revelation 21: 5. The New Jerusalem, also called the bride and the Holy City, will be the new dwelling place of God’s presence – Revelation 21: 9 – 27. Those who have been found worthy will have access to the Holy City and live in God’s presence forever.
The blood of an animal on the doorposts: protected the Israelites from death – The blood of Jesus conquered death.
Firstborn sons of Egyptians died – Firstborn of the dead is Jesus
Israelites released from Egypt – Jesus released us from bondage through the cross
They had to eat unleavened bread for seven days – We need to eat the bread of life (bible)
They could then celebrate the feast of Passover – We can celebrate our Passover from death to life through Christ
The donkey’s firstborn could not be redeemed as a sacrifice – The humble donkey had to carry the Savior in Jerusalem
A woman could not be redeemed as a firstborn – A woman had to carry the Savior and give birth to Him as a human being
Old Testament Scripture – New Testament Scripture
Man is born of the flesh
Genesis 17: 13
“My covenant shall be in your flesh as an everlasting covenant.”
Born of the Spirit
John 3: 5
Truly, truly I say to you, unless a man is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.
2. Covenant through the flesh
Genesis 17: 4
“As for Me, My covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations.”
Covenant of the Spirit
Matthew 26: 28
“For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.”
3. Circumcision of the flesh
Genesis 17: 11
“You shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between Me and you.
Circumcision of the heart
Romans 2: 29 “And circumcision is of the heart, by the Spirit, and not by the letter.”
4. Veil in the Tabernacle
Exodus 26: 33
“…and the veil shall serve for you as a partition between the holy place and the Most Holy.”
The torn Veil
Luke 23: 45
“And the veil of the temple was torn in the middle.”
5. Perfect Heifer
Numbers 19: 2
“Tell the children of Israel that they will bring you a healthy red heifer, which has no blemish, and on which a yoke has never gone, and you will give it to Eleazar the priest, and he will bring it outside the camp, and it will be slaughtered before him.
Jesus the perfect sacrifice
For if the blood of bulls and goats, and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling or unclean, sanctifies so that the flesh is purified, how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
6. Sacrifices and offerings
Genesis 22: 2
“Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I will tell you.
Jesus our High Priest sacrifice offered himself as a sacrifice
Hebrews 7: 27
“Unlike those high priests, He does not need to offer daily sacrifices – first for His own sins and then for the people’s, for He did this once for all when He offered up Himself.”
7. Israel the firstborn
Exodus 4: 22
You shall say to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says the Lord: Israel is My son, even My firstborn.’”
Jesus, the firstborn from the dead
Colossians 1: 18
He is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that in all things He may have preeminence.
8. Sabbath Day Rest
Deuteronomy 5: 12
“Keep the Sabbath day, to keep it holy; just as the Lord your God has commanded you.”
Spiritual Sabbath Rest
Mark 2: 27-28
“Then He said to them. The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”
9. Spirit of fear entered the world
Genesis 3: 10
“I heard your voice in the garden and was afraid because I was naked, so I hid myself.”
Spirit of Love
John 3: 16
For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have eternal life.”
10. God provides bread from heaven
Exodus 16: 32
“This is what the Lord has commanded, ‘Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations to come, so that they may see the bread that I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.’”
Jesus is the bread of life
John 6: 51
“I am the living bread which came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. The bread which I shall give for the life of the world is My flesh.”
11. God provides water
Exodus 17: 6
“Indeed, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and there water shall come out of it, so that the people may drink.”
Jesus is the living water
John 7: 37 – 38
“If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart shall flow rivers of living water.”
12. God’s physical presence in the midst of the people
Exodus 19: 9
“The Lord said to Moses, ‘Indeed, I am going to come to you in a thick cloud, so that the people may hear when I speak with you and always believe in you.’”
Jesus’ physical presence and the Holy Spirit
Matthew 3: 16
“And suddenly the heavens opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending on Him like a dove.”
13. Living with the law
Deuteronomy 28: 58
“If you are not careful to observe all the words of this law that are written in this book so that you may fear this glorious and fearful name, the Lord your God, then the Lord will bring extraordinary plagues on you and your descendants, even great long-lasting plagues, and severe and long-lasting sicknesses.”
Living through faith
Ephesians 2: 8
For by grace you have been saved through faith, and this is not of yourselves. It is the gift of God, not of works, so that no one should boast.”
14. God dwells in a tent and Temple
2 Samuel 7: 6 – Tent
I have not dwelt in a house since the day I brought the sons of Israel from Egypt until this day. I have been moving about with a tent as My dwelling.
1 Kings 8: 12 – Temple
Then Solomon spoke saying, “The Lord said that He would dwell in the thick darkness. I have surely built You a house to dwell in, a settle place for You to abide in forever.”
Spiritual Temple to no temple
We as the body of Christ are the spiritual temple.
1 Corinthians 3: 16 – “Do you not know that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?
No more Temple needed
Revelation 21: 22
I saw no temple in the city, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb is its temple.
15. King of Salem the High Priest
Genesis 14: 18
Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was the priest of God Most High.
Jesus our High Priest
Hebrews 8: 1
We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, a minister in the sanctuary and the true tabernacle, which the Lord, not man, set up.
16. Jew – born of the flesh
Romans 2: 28
He is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is external in the flesh.
New Jew – born of the Spirit
Romans 2: 29
But he is a Jew who is one inwardly.