Everything that took place since creation and sin in the Garden of Eden was born of the flesh and subject to death. As Adam and Eve exited the Garden of Eden (Genesis 3: 23), Jesus entered the Most Holy Place once and for all. He obtained eternal redemption (Hebrews 9: 12). In the Old Testament, worship, covenant, law, and sacrifices were all external expressions.  We can draw comparisons from the Old Testament of the flesh and the new spiritual man through Jesus.

The Exodus

The Jews who left Egypt and wandered through the desert heard and saw God speak to them on the mountain. God gave them the commandments and the laws and provided them with food, water, and kept them safe. The Jews carved images to worship while Moses was on the mountain with God. Many died in the desert due to their unbelief and disobedience. Our spiritual exodus is synonymous with the Jews Exodus. God ’lived’ and moved in a tent with the Israelites in the desert.

We need to live holy so that we can draw Him to us and so hasten His coming.

On earth, we are the temple of God’s presence. At Jesus’ second coming, the old heaven and earth will be no more – Revelation 21: 2. God will change everything – Revelation 21: 5.  The New Jerusalem, also called the bride and the Holy City will be the new place of God’s presence – Revelation 21: 9 – 27. Those who are worthy will have access to the Holy City and live in God’s presence forever. 

The blood of an animal on the doorposts: protected the Israelites from death – The blood of Jesus conquered death.

Firstborn sons of Egyptians died – Firstborn of the dead is Jesus

Israelites released from Egypt – Jesus freed us from bondage through the cross

They had to eat unleavened bread for seven days – We need to eat the bread of life (Bible)

They could then celebrate the feast of Passover – We can celebrate our Passover from death to life through Christ

The donkey’s firstborn could not be redeemed as a sacrifice – The humble donkey had to carry the Savior in Jerusalem

A woman could not be redeemed as a firstborn – A woman had to carry the Savior and give birth to Him as a human being

Old Testament Scripture – New Testament Scripture

Man is born of the flesh

Genesis 17: 13

“My covenant shall be in your flesh as an everlasting covenant.”

Born of the Spirit

John 3: 5

Truly, truly I say to you, unless a man is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.

2. Covenant through the flesh

Genesis 17: 4

“As for Me, My covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations.”

Covenant of the Spirit

Matthew 26: 28

“For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.”

3. Circumcision of the flesh

Genesis 17: 11

“You shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between Me and you.

Circumcision of the heart

Romans 2: 29 “And circumcision is of the heart, by the Spirit, and not by the letter.”

4. Veil in the Tabernacle

Exodus 26: 33

“…and the veil shall serve for you as a partition between the holy place and the Most Holy.”

The torn Veil

Luke 23: 45

“And the veil of the temple was torn in the middle.”

5. Perfect Heifer

Numbers 19: 2

“Tell the children of Israel that they will bring you a healthy red heifer, which has no blemish, and on which a yoke has never gone, and you will give it to Eleazar the priest, and he will bring it outside the camp, and it will be slaughtered before him.

Jesus the perfect sacrifice

Hebrews 9:13

For if the blood of bulls and goats, and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling or unclean, sanctifies so that the flesh is purified, how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

6. Sacrifices and offerings

Genesis 22: 2

“Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I will tell you.

Jesus our High Priest sacrifice offered himself as a sacrifice

Hebrews 7: 27

“Unlike those high priests, He does not need to offer daily sacrifices – first for His own sins and then for the people’s, for He did this once for all when He offered up Himself.”

7. Israel the firstborn

Exodus 4: 22

You shall say to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says the Lord: Israel is My son, even My firstborn.’”

Jesus, the firstborn from the dead

Colossians 1: 18

He is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that in all things He may have preeminence.

8. Sabbath Day Rest

Deuteronomy 5: 12

“Keep the Sabbath day, to keep it holy; just as the Lord your God has commanded you.”

Spiritual Sabbath Rest

Mark 2: 27-28

“Then He said to them. The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath.  So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”

9. Spirit of fear entered the world

Genesis 3: 10

“I heard your voice in the garden and was afraid because I was naked, so I hid myself.”

Spirit of Love

John 3: 16

For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have eternal life.”

10. God provides bread from heaven

Exodus 16: 32

“This is what the Lord has commanded, ‘Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations to come, so that they may see the bread that I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.’”

Jesus is the bread of life

John 6: 51

“I am the living bread which came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. The bread which I shall give for the life of the world is My flesh.”

11. God provides water

Exodus 17: 6

“Indeed, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and there water shall come out of it, so that the people may drink.”

Jesus is the living water

John 7: 37 – 38

“If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart shall flow rivers of living water.”

12. God’s physical presence in the midst of the people

Exodus 19: 9

“The Lord said to Moses, ‘Indeed, I am going to come to you in a thick cloud, so that the people may hear when I speak with you and always believe in you.’”

Jesus’ physical presence and the Holy Spirit

Matthew 3: 16

“And suddenly the heavens opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending on Him like a dove.”

13. Living with the law

Deuteronomy 28: 58

“If you are not careful to observe all the words of this law that are written in this book so that you may fear this glorious and fearful name, the Lord your God, then the Lord will bring extraordinary plagues on you and your descendants, even great long-lasting plagues, and severe and long-lasting sicknesses.”

Living through faith

Ephesians 2: 8

For by grace you have been saved through faith, and this is not of yourselves. It is the gift of God, not of works, so that no one should boast.”

14. God dwells in a tent and Temple

2 Samuel 7: 6 – Tent

I have not dwelt in a house since the day I brought the sons of Israel from Egypt until this day. I have been moving about with a tent as My dwelling.

1 Kings 8: 12 – Temple

Then Solomon spoke saying, “The Lord said that He would dwell in the thick darkness. I have surely built You a house to dwell in, a settle place for You to abide in forever.”

Spiritual Temple to no temple

We, as the body of Christ, are the spiritual temple.

1 Corinthians 3: 16 – “Do you not know that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?

No more Temple needed

Revelation 21: 22

I saw no temple in the city, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb is its temple.

15. King of Salem the High Priest

Genesis 14: 18

Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was the priest of God Most High.

Jesus our High Priest

Hebrews 8: 1

We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, a minister in the sanctuary and the true tabernacle, which the Lord, not man, set up.

16. Jew – born of the flesh

Romans 2: 28

He is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is external in the flesh.

New Jew – born of the Spirit

Romans 2: 29

But he is a Jew who is one inwardly.

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